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Green Turtle | South Africa | Beauty | Safe and Simple Whitening Creams for Chloasma Treatment are Reliable


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Safe and Simple Whitening Creams for Chloasma Treatment are Reliable

Friday, 20 Feb 2015 - 11:48 am

Chloasma treatment can often prove to be unnecessary as the condition, which can often accompany pregnancy, is apt to reverse itself, quite spontaneously, soon after the birth of the new baby.

The condition which is very often described as “the mask of pregnancy” is akin to melasma, which can affect subjects of either sex at any time and which appears to be due to a variety of causative factors. In both cases, it presents as darkened patches that, typically, are prone to appear on the cheeks, the forehead, the upper lip and the neck, but may also occur on other parts of the body, including the limbs. For a mother looking forward to the so-called healthy glow, this can be a bitter disappointment.

In practice, all forms of whitening creams for the treatment of chloasma are aimed exclusively at the reversal of these visible symptoms and are not intended to address any possible underlying root cause. Because of its pre-natal association, it seems clear that the condition is the direct result of the many complex hormonal changes that are essential to maintain a healthy foetus and to prepare the expectant mother’s body to meet the stresses of birth. Some degree of hyperpigmentation is encountered in all pregnancies, but will normally be confined to areas such as the nipples, where darkening first occurs, and later, the vertical brown line that appears on the abdomen, known as the linea nigra, and the external genitalia.

Only the presence of the visibly darker facial patches really justifies any need for chloasma treatment and, even then, only in those cases where the hyperpigmentation fails to reverse post-partum without such intervention. It appears that some subjects may be genetically pre-disposed to the increased production of the brown pigment melanin, resulting from the variations in oestrogen and progesterone levels that occur during pregnancy. Quite often, these subjects will also experience increasing levels of darkening with successive pregnancies and this makes them prime candidates for some suitable therapy. Clearly, it cannot be directed at hormone levels without risk to the pregnancy and so, any attempt to restore a more even-toned complexion, will require that any effective chloasma treatment to be undertaken must instead focus on promoting a more even distribution of the pigment.

This requires the use of a compound or combination of compounds that are able to interfere at one or more points of the metabolic cycle in which melanin is first synthesised, and later catabolised to maintain the skin’s pigmentation in the required state of balance. Incidentally, it is the level of melanin at which this balance is maintained that determines the six distinct skin types which characterise all humans by race.

Over the years, many different chemicals have been used to achieve the effect of a more even complexion. Among the most effective of these is a substance known as hydroquinone that occurs naturally in a number of plant species. As a chloasma treatment, it interferes directly in melanin synthesis, reducing the excessive production responsible for those often unsightly dark patches. It is applied topically as a component of various creams and lotions that contain varying concentrations of this active ingredient. Although its apparent bleaching ability still serves as something of a benchmark for similar products, it has fallen into disrepute due to its sometimes very unpleasant side effects. The risk that it may also be implicated as a cause of certain malignancies has seen it banned for dermatological use throughout Europe and in South Africa.

The search, by us at Scinderm, for alternative natural ingredients for whitening creams that are just as potent when used for chloasma treatment, but which lack its irritant properties and the far more dangerous threat of malignancy, has led to a range of safe and effective new and advanced skincare products. Born of more than a quarter of a century of intensive research, they utilise extracts of plants and fruits, such as the kojic acid derived from the fermentation of rice, which is an inhibitor of melanogenesis, and ellagic acid from the pomegranate that not only has similar properties, but which also serves as a powerful antioxidant. It removes damaging free radicals and is a highly effective sunscreen that further protects the skin by slowing any recurrence or exacerbation of the condition due to harmful UV rays.

At Scinderm, our products provide evidence-based remedies that are proven to be effective in the control of pigmentation disorders and safe for use as a chloasma treatment.

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